Reprise ponderale post Anneau

- Le taux  de conversion en  une autre intervention 10ans apres Gastroplastie annulaire  pour reprise de poids varie de 50 à 90% dans la littérature.

Une solution "à la carte" peut etre proposé au patient avec transformation en Sleeve, Bypass en Y, Omega, SADI ou duodenal-Switch.

Une intervention secondaire peut recontroler la reprise ponderale apres une rééducation nutritionnelle > 6mois mais les risques de fistule sont légèrement majorées.


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post anneauRevisional One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass with a 150-cm Biliopancreatic Limb After Failure of Adjustable Gastric Banding: Mid-Term Outcomes and Comparison Between One- and Two-Stage Approaches

A.Liagre, F.Martini, H.Boudrie, O.VanHaverbeke, G.Juglard

Purpose : Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was a common procedure worldwide but associated with a high rate of long-term failure. This study aims to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of conversion to one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) after failed LAGB.

Materials and Methods : We undertook a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database in a tertiary referral center for bariatric surgery. All cases of revisional OAGB with a biliopancreatic limb (BPL) of 150 cm after failed LAGB performed between 2010 and 2016 were analyzed.

Results : Overall, 215 patients underwent conversion from LAGB to OAGB. Indication for surgery was primary weight loss (WL) failure in 30.7% of cases and long-term complications in the remaining patients, with or without associated weight regain. At the time of OAGB, the mean age was 43.2 ± 10.5 years and the mean BMI was 42 ± 6.9. Overall postoperative morbidity was 13.5%. The postoperative abscess ± leak rate was 5.9% in the overall population. Two years after OAGB, 9.7% of patients were lost to follow-up, % excess weight loss (EWL) was 88.2 ± 23.9, and % total weight loss (TWL) was 38.7 ± 9.3. At 5 years, 16.6% of patients were lost to follow-up, %EWL was 82.4 ± 25, and %TWL was 36.1 ± 10. There was no statistical difference in complication rates or WL results between the one-stage and two-stage approaches.

Conclusion : OAGB with a 150-cm BPL represents a safe and effective option after failed LAGB. Both synchronous OAGB and two-step revisional OAGB guarantee satisfying results in terms of postoperative morbidity and WL outcomes.

post anneauLaparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy as Revisional Procedure for Failed Gastric Banding and Vertical Banded Gastroplasty

A.Iannelli, A.Liagre

Obesity Surgery 

Background : The problem of revision of failed gastric banding (GB) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) procedures has become a common situation in bariatric surgery. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been recently used to revise failed restrictive procedures. The objective of this study is to evaluate the results of LSG as revisional procedure for failed GB and VBG.

Methods : A prospective held database was questioned regarding patients' demographic, indication for revision, conversion to open surgery, morbidity, percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), evolution of comorbidities, and need for a second procedure after LSG.

Results : Forty-one patients, 34 women and seven men with a mean age of 42 years (range 19 to 63 years) and a mean body mass index at 49.9 kg/m2 (range 35.9–63 kg/m2), underwent laparoscopic conversion of GB (36 patients) and VBG (five patients) into LSG. Indication for revisional surgery was insufficient weight loss in all the cases. All procedures were completed laparoscopically. There was no mortality and five patients (12.2%) developed complications (high leak, one patient; intra-abdominal abscess, three patients; and complicated incisional hernia, one patient). At a mean follow-up of 13.4 months, %EWL is on average 42.7% (range 4–76.1%). Six patients had a second procedure (four had laparoscopic duodenal switch, one had laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and one had laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion).

Conclusion : Conversion of GB and VBG into LSG is feasible and safe. LSG is effective in the short term with a mean %EWL of 42.7% at 13.4 months. Long-term results of LSG as revisional procedure are awaited to establish its efficacy in the long term.